In the world of cannabis, wax dabs have emerged as a favored method among enthusiasts seeking potent and flavorful experiences. Offering a concentrated form of cannabis extract, wax dabs boast high levels of cannabinoids and terpenes, delivering a robust and immediate effect. As the popularity of dabbing continues to grow, understanding the different types of wax dabs available becomes paramount for both seasoned dabbers and newcomers alike.

In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the diverse world of wax dabs, exploring the various types, their production methods, and the unique characteristics that set them apart. From the glass-like transparency of shatter to the creamy consistency of budder, each type of wax dab offers a distinct experience, catering to a wide range of preferences and tastes.

What are Wax Dabs?

Wax dabs, also known simply as “dabs,” refer to concentrated cannabis extracts that are consumed through vaporization. These extracts are characterized by their high potency, typically containing significantly higher levels of cannabinoids such as THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) or CBD (cannabidiol) compared to traditional cannabis flower. The term “wax” comes from the texture and appearance of these extracts, which often resemble the texture of candle wax or honey.

How are Wax Dabs Made?

The process of making wax dabs involves extracting cannabinoids and other desirable compounds from the cannabis plant using a solvent or solventless method. Common solvents include butane, propane, CO2, or ethanol, which are used to strip the cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant material, leaving behind a concentrated resinous substance.

Once the extraction process is complete, the solvent is purged from the extract to ensure safety and purity. This may involve methods such as vacuum purging or heat purging to remove any residual solvents, resulting in a highly concentrated cannabis extract.

How Potent are Wax Dabs?

The potency of wax dabs can vary depending on factors such as the strain of cannabis used, the extraction method, and the purification process. In general, wax dabs are much more potent than traditional cannabis flower, often containing THC levels upwards of 60-80% or even higher. This high potency makes wax dabs a popular choice among experienced users seeking a fast-acting and intense cannabis experience.

Overall, wax dabs offer a potent and efficient way to consume cannabis, providing users with a concentrated dose of cannabinoids and terpenes in a relatively small amount of material. However, due to their high potency, it’s essential for consumers to exercise caution and moderation when using wax dabs to avoid potential adverse effects.

Types of Wax Dabs

There are 5 main different types of wax dabs. Let’s talk about each in detail now.

1. Shatter

Shatter is a type of cannabis concentrate known for its glass-like transparency and brittle texture. It appears as a smooth, translucent sheet that can shatter into pieces when handled. Shatter derives its name from its appearance and consistency, resembling shattered glass or hard candy.

The production process of shatter involves extracting cannabinoids and terpenes from cannabis flower using solvents such as butane or CO2. This extraction method strips away the plant material, leaving behind a highly concentrated resin that is then purged of any residual solvents to ensure purity and safety.

One of the defining characteristics of shatter is its high THC content, which can reach levels of 60-80% or higher. This potency makes shatter a favorite among experienced cannabis consumers seeking a strong and fast-acting high. Due to its brittle nature, shatter is often consumed by breaking off small pieces and vaporizing them using a dab rig or vaporizer.

2. Crumble

Crumble wax, as the name suggests, is characterized by its crumbly texture and appearance. Unlike shatter, which has a glass-like consistency, crumble wax is soft and easy to break apart, resembling small chunks of dry cheese or cake crumbs.

The production of crumble wax involves similar extraction methods to other wax dabs, but with slight variations in processing techniques. These differences in production methods can result in variations in texture, consistency, and potency compared to other types of wax dabs.

3. Budder

Budder wax is renowned for its creamy consistency and smooth texture, resembling butter or frosting. Unlike shatter or crumble, budder has a malleable and pliable texture, making it easy to handle and manipulate.

The manufacturing process of budder involves a unique technique that results in its distinct texture. This process typically involves whipping the extract during the purging stage, aerating the concentrate and creating a creamy consistency. Budder is prized for its rich flavor profile and potent effects, making it a popular choice among cannabis connoisseurs.

4. Live Resin

Live resin wax is a relatively new addition to the world of cannabis concentrates, prized for its unparalleled flavor and aroma. Unlike other extraction methods that use dried and cured cannabis flower, live resin is made using freshly harvested, flash-frozen cannabis plants.

The extraction process involves preserving the plant’s natural terpene profile by freezing it immediately after harvest. This “fresh-frozen” method captures the full spectrum of flavors and aromas present in the living plant, resulting in a concentrate with exceptional taste and potency.

5. Rosin

Rosin wax is unique among wax dabs in that it is made without the use of solvents. Instead, rosin is produced through a process of applying heat and pressure to cannabis flower or hash, causing the trichomes to release their oils.

This solventless extraction method results in a pure and potent concentrate that retains the full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes present in the original plant material. Rosin is prized for its purity, flavor, and potency, making it a popular choice among cannabis enthusiasts seeking a clean and natural concentrate option.

How to Use Wax Dabs

Using wax dabs involves a straightforward process, but it’s essential to follow proper techniques to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. One common method is to use a dab rig, which consists of a glass water pipe equipped with a specialized heating element called a nail or banger. To use a dab rig, heat the nail with a torch until it’s red hot, then allow it to cool slightly before placing a small amount of wax dab onto the nail using a dab tool. Inhale slowly and steadily as you apply the wax dab to the heated nail, vaporizing the concentrate and inhaling the resulting vapor.

Alternatively, vaporizers or dab pens provide a convenient and portable way to consume wax dabs. These devices typically feature a chamber where the wax dab is placed, which is then heated to the appropriate temperature to vaporize the concentrate. Simply load the wax dab into the chamber, activate the device, and inhale the vapor as it’s produced.

When handling wax dabs, it’s essential to prioritize safety. Always store wax dabs in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight and heat sources to preserve their potency and flavor. Use caution when handling dab rigs or vaporizers, as the heating elements can reach high temperatures. Additionally, be mindful of the potential for accidental spills or contact with skin, as concentrated cannabis extracts can be sticky and difficult to remove.

Popular Strains for Wax Dabs

Numerous cannabis strains are commonly used to produce wax dabs, each offering its unique combination of effects and flavors. Popular strains for wax dabs include Sour Diesel, OG Kush, Girl Scout Cookies, and Blue Dream, among others. These strains are selected for their high cannabinoid and terpene profiles, which contribute to the potency and flavor of the resulting wax dabs.

The strain selected for wax dab production can have a significant impact on the overall experience. For example, indica-dominant strains may provide relaxing and sedating effects, while sativa-dominant strains are often associated with uplifting and energizing effects.

Additionally, the terpene profile of a strain can influence the aroma and flavor of the wax dab, adding complexity and depth to the experience.

When selecting a strain for wax dab consumption, it’s essential to consider your individual preferences and desired effects. Experimenting with different strains allows you to explore a variety of experiences and find the perfect match for your needs.

Benefits and Considerations

Using wax dabs offers several benefits, including fast-acting effects and potent doses of cannabinoids.


  1. Fast-acting effects: Wax dabs provide rapid onset of effects, allowing users to feel the desired effects more quickly compared to traditional cannabis consumption methods.
  2. Potent doses: Due to their concentrated nature, wax dabs offer potent doses of cannabinoids, enabling users to achieve their desired effects with smaller quantities of material.
  3. Intense and long-lasting effects: The high potency of wax dabs makes them suitable for experienced users seeking intense and long-lasting effects.


  1. Overwhelming potency: New users may find the high potency of wax dabs overwhelming, leading to potential side effects such as increased heart rate, anxiety, or paranoia.
  2. Proper dosing: It’s crucial to dose wax dabs accurately to minimize the risk of overconsumption and tolerance buildup. Using a scale to measure precise doses and waiting between inhalations can help gauge the effects before consuming more.

Summing up, while wax dabs offer numerous benefits, including fast-acting effects and potent doses of cannabinoids, it’s essential to approach their use responsibly and with caution, especially for new users.

Understanding the potential benefits and considerations associated with wax dabs can help users enjoy a safe and enjoyable experience.


In conclusion, the world of wax dabs offers a diverse array of options for cannabis enthusiasts seeking potent and flavorful experiences. Throughout this article, we’ve explored the different types of wax dabs available, from shatter and crumble to budder and live resin, discussing their unique characteristics and production methods.

Additionally, we’ve highlighted popular cannabis strains commonly used to make wax dabs and discussed how strain selection can impact the effects and flavor of the resulting concentrates. By understanding the diverse options available, users can tailor their wax dab experience to their individual preferences and desired effects.

As with any cannabis consumption method, it’s essential to approach wax dabs responsibly and with caution, especially for new users. By following proper techniques for consumption and prioritizing safety, users can enjoy the benefits of wax dabs while minimizing the potential for adverse effects.

In summary, whether you’re a seasoned dabber or new to the world of concentrates, we encourage you to explore various types of wax dabs responsibly and experiment with different strains and consumption methods to find what works best for you.

Happy dabbing!